Linux iostat Command

Posted at September 22, 2016 at 5:47 pm by Jithin

The command used to measure the load on the input/output devices with reference to the time the devices are active with respect to the average transfer rates of the devices. It provides the usage of the input/output devices and processor. The reports created by the iostat provides the details to alter the       system configurations to maintain the balance of the input/output between physical disks.

 

Installation of iostat

On RedHat / CentOS / Fedora

# yum install sysstat

On Debian / Ubuntu / Linux Mint

$ sudo apt-get install sysstat

 

Running iostat

iostat

          Type iostat in the console.

 

The reports provide three types of reports such as CPU Utilization report, the Device Utilization report and the Network File system report.

 

Among that the CPU Utilization report has the following format

%user

Show the percentage of CPU utilization that occurred while executing at the user level (application).

%nice

Show the percentage of CPU utilization that occurred while executing at the user level with nice priority.

%system

Show the percentage of CPU utilization that occurred while executing at the system level (kernel).

%iowait

Show the percentage of time that the CPU or CPUs were idle during which the system had an outstanding disk I/O request.

%steal

Show the percentage of time spent in involuntary wait by the virtual CPU or CPUs while the hypervisor was servicing another virtual processor.

%idle

Show the percentage of time that the CPU or CPUs were idle and the system did not have an outstanding disk I/O request.

 

The second section contains device utilization report

Device: device / partition name as listed in /dev directory

tps: show the number of transfers per second that were issued to the device.  From the tps value we can determine whether the processor is busy or not. If the tps value is high that means the processor is busy.

Blk_read/s: show the amount of data read from the device expressed in a number of blocks (kilobytes, megabytes) per second

Blk_wrtn/s: show the amount of data written to the device expressed in a number of blocks (kilobytes, megabytes) per second

Blk_read: show the total number of blocks read

Blk_wrtn: show the total number of blocks written

 

Capture iostat with kilobytes or megabytes

The iostat reports can be displayed in various units of measurements such as in kilobytes or megabytes units. For viewing in kilobytes unit -k parameter can be used and -m parameter to create reports in megabytes’ unit.

$ iostat  -k

iostat

 

 

$   iostat -m

iostat

 

For more detailed report we have -x parameter.

$  iostat  -x

iostat

 

Using iostat with delay

Run iostat with kilobytes unit, 3 seconds interval with 2 times reports

$ iostat -m 3 2

Show CPU only report with 2 seconds interval and 4 times reports

$ iostat -c 2  4

 

The reference of iostat to create reports are:

1) /proc/stat

2) /proc/partitions

3) /proc/diskstats

4) /sys

 

If you need any further assistance please contact our support department.

 

 

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